GERD is commonly known as gastroesophageal reflux disease which is a digestive disorder mostly affecting the ring muscle between the stomach and esophagus. The ring is known as the lower esophagus sphincter. It is the major cause of acid indigestion and heartburn. In most cases, doctors suggest that this condition is happening because of the hiatal hernia. To ease down on the GERD symptoms using lifestyle changes and diet. Few of cases it can be rectified using medication or by surgery.
Heartburn which is commonly known as acid indigestion is one of the most common symptoms of GERD. The feeling of burning chest pain which starts from behind the breastbone and which will move upward to the neck and throat. Few of the people might feel the food coming back into their mouths. It will leave a bitter taste or acidic flavor. Heartburn which is the sensation of pressure, pain, and burning could last as long as two hours.
It will also get worse after eating. Even bending over or lying down could also result in heartburn. The best way to get relief is to take the entire seat which will clear the acid out of the esophagus. In a few of the cases, people might mistake heartburn pain for heart disease or even a heart attack. While doing physical activities heartburn will go away, but it is recommended to seek medical help right away if you are experiencing any pain in the chest.
Apart from pain, there are various other symptoms that you might experience.
- Trouble reading
- Bad breath
- Hard time swallowing
- Wearing away of tooth enamel
- A lump in your throat
In case you are experiencing acid reflux at night, there might be several other symptoms.
- A lingering cough
- Sleep problems
- Asthma could come and go suddenly or even get worse
GERD treatment is mainly focusing on reducing the amount of reflux or decrease the damage to the lining of the esophagus. The damage is mostly done from the refluxed materials. It is important to consult a doctor, who will recommend various prescriptions of medication to treat such symptoms.
Antacids are the drug that will help in neutralizing the acid in the esophagus. After non-prescription best interests offer partial relief. In a few of the cases, the combination of forming agents and antacids will help the patients. According to the research, the compounds will help in forming a form barrier at the top of the stomach which will help in stopping the acid reflux.
- H2 blockers:
Doctors might recommend medications for chronic reflux and heartburn to reduce acid in the stomach. The majority of the medication includes H2 blockers which initially help in blocking the acid secretion in the stomach. A few of the commonly used H2 blockers include famotidine (Pepcid), cimetidine (Tagamet), and nizatidine.
- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs):
These are commonly known as acid palms as they block the protein needed to make the acid in the stomach. The PPIs includes esomeprazole (Nexium), dexlansoprazole (Dexilant), omeprazole (Prilosec), etc.